The Sovereign Base Areas Police Service was established at midnight on the15th of August 1960 and was constituted in accordance with the 1960 Treaty of Establishment and Sovereign Base Areas Ordinance. Its purpose is to maintain law and order in the Sovereign Base Areas by the prevention and detection of crime, the apprehension of offenders and the operation of Her Majesty's Prison, Dhekelia. There is also a significant responsibility for operating in support of internal security measures .
The Sovereign Base Areas cover approximately 98 square miles of land surface and they are located in the south coast of the island of Cyprus. The Akrotiri Base (Western SBA) covers 47.5 square miles whilst, some 60 miles to the east, the Dhekelia Base (Eastern SBA) covers 50.5 square miles and contains three Republican enclaves. WSBA abuts the Republic of Cyprus, whereas ESBA additionally abuts the Turkish Controlled area and the United Nations buffer zone. The Republic of Cyprus territory separates the two divisions.
The total of SBA residents is approximately 15,700: 7,700 Cypriots, 3,900 Service and UKBC personnel, of whom 3,600 live in the SBAs, and nearly 5,000 dependants, of whom over 4,400 live in the SBAs. There are also nearly 2,700 locally employed civilians.
The SBA Police provide a civil policing service in all of the Sovereign Base Areas including the military garrisons and the RAF station. The Cyprus Joint Police Unit (the Royal Military Police and the RAF Police), has sole jurisdiction over military offences committed by Service personnel within the garrisons and stations and other retained military sites outside the SBAs.
Although funded totally by the Ministry of Defence, the SBA Police are an independent UK Police service with no connections with the Ministry of Defence Police. It is in many respects a microcosm of a small UK police force. It is subject to regular Inspection by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Constabulary. In addition, as an organisation accredited as an Investor in People and having been recently awarded Charter Mark, its professionalism and achievements are recognised by outside bodies. The SBA Police are also members of the UK Police Skills & Standards Organisation.
The Chief Constable, subject to any order or direction from the Administrator, has command and superintendence of the SBA Police and is responsible to the Administrator for good order throughout the SBAs and for the efficient administration and government of the service. The Chief Constable also has responsibility for the management and staffing of HM Prison, Dhekelia.
The Service has a current establishment of 258 officers, comprising four Senior British Officers, with the remainder of the force being recruited exclusively from the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities in accordance with the Treaty of Establishment. 12.80% of the Service are women. The police are supported by 18 civilian staff. The Police workload is affected significantly by large numbers of holidaymakers, over 10,000 daily on the most popular tourist beaches at the height of the season, and by substantial through-traffic, there being no controlled borders between the SBAs and the Republic.
In addition to in-house training, the SBA Police receive training support from the Republic of Cyprus and various UK forces.
Deputy Chief Constable
Divisional - Akrotiri and Dhekelia
2 Chief Superintendents (Divisional Commanders) - one at each division
2 Superintendents (Deputy Divisional Commanders)- one at each division
2 Chief Inspectors (Operations and Crime) -one at each division
The remaining ranks throughout the force are Inspector, Sergeant and Police Constable.
The following departments and units exist within the Force:
- Support Services
- Operational Intelligence
- Management Services
- Personnel Services
- Information Technology
- Clothing and Supplies
- Motor Transport
- Professional Standard
Units based at both Divisions
- Divisional Intelligence Unit
- Criminal Justice
- Dog Section
- Scenes of Crime
- Accident Investigation