Announcements

Announcements

Organisation Chart

SBA Administration Organisation Chart

 SBAA-Organisation

Declaration of Her Majesty

Declarations by Her Majesty’s Government regarding the Administration of the Sovereign Base Area mentioned in Article 1 of the Treaty concerning the Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus which remain under the Sovereignty of the United Kingdom

Her Majesty's Government declare that the main objects to be achieved are:

(1) Effective use of the Sovereign Base Areas as military bases.

(2) Full co-operation with the Republic of Cyprus.

(3) Protection of the interests of those resident or working in the Sovereign Base Areas.

2. Her Majesty's Government further declare that their intention accordingly will be -

(i) Not to develop the Sovereign Base Areas for other than military purposes.

(ii) Not to set up and administer "colonies".

(iii) Not to create customs posts or other frontier barriers between the Sovereign Base Areas and the Republic.

(iv) Not to set up or permit the establishment of civilian commercial or industrial enterprises except in so far as these are connected with military requirements, and not otherwise to impair the economic commercial or industrial unity and life of the Island.

(v) Not to establish commercial or civilian seaports or airports.

(vi) Not to allow new settlement of people in the Sovereign Base Areas other than for temporary purposes.

(vii) Not to expropriate private property within the Sovereign Base Areas except for military purposes on payment of fair compensation.

3. With these purposes in mind, and subject to their military requirements and security needs, Her Majesty's Government make the following declaration of intention -

(1) Freedom of Access

Cypriots (and others resident in the Republic) will have freedom of access and communications to and through the Sovereign Base Areas, and of employment and cultivation in the Sovereign Base Areas and freedom of navigation and fishing in the territorial waters thereof.

(2) Legislation

The laws applicable to the Cypriot population of the Sovereign Base Areas will be as far as possible the same as the laws of the Republic.

(3) Protection of Cypriot Rights

The rights of Cypriots (and others resident in the Republic) and Cypriot communities and corporations in regard to property will be fully protected.

(4) Public Services

The Republic will be invited to provide a wide range of public services to be performed for Cypriots in the Sovereign Base Areas. These will include Education, Agriculture, Co-operative Development, Labour and Social Insurance, Social Welfare, Health and Medical Services, Postal Services, Forestry Services and Statistics. In addition Cypriot public utility services will be free to operate in the Sovereign Base Areas.

(5) Antiquities

The ancient monuments and antiquity sites specified in the schedule to this Declaration will be administered and maintained by the Republic. Licences for antiquity excavation will be issued by the Republic but will be subject to the consent of the authorities of the Sovereign Base Areas. Movable antiquities found in excavations or discovered will be the property of the Republic.

(6) Water Control

Subject only to military requirements and security needs being met, the policy to be carried out in regard to water control in the Sovereign Base Areas will be considered and decided by a joint committee.

(7) Customs

The Republic will be invited to collect and keep such customs duties as may, by arrangement, be levied on goods imported through ports in the Republic and destined for the Sovereign Base Areas. Arrangements will be made for the Republic to receive customs duties on commercial and personal imports, if any, collected by the authorities of the Sovereign Base Areas.

(8) Taxes

Taxes, rates and fees payable by Cypriots or in respect of Cypriot property in the Sovereign Base Areas will be as far as possible the same as those in the Republic. The Republic will be invited to collect and keep taxes, rates and fees due from Cypriots resident or working in the Sovereign Base Areas or payable by Cypriots on privately owned or occupied immovable property therein. (This will apply also to taxes, rates and fees due from non-Cypriot residents and workers, exclusive of military personnel, civilians working with them and their families).

(9) Currency and Exchange Control

The currency of the Republic will be legal tender in the Sovereign Base Areas and the Exchange Control Regulations in the Sovereign Base Areas will be co-ordinated with those in the Republic.

(10) Mining

The Republic will be invited to collect and keep revenue derived from any royalties due or taxes payable on minerals obtained in the Sovereign Base Areas, and fees in respect of mining and prospecting licences, and for these purposes will be invited to issue licences in relation to these matters, subject to the consent and control of the authorities of the Sovereign Base Areas. These arrangements will not apply to stone, shingle, sand, gravel or other building and construction materials obtained by, or to mining and prospecting for such materials by, the United Kingdom authorities, or their contractors and others acting on their behalf.

(11) Land Registration

Arrangements will be made for the Land Registry of the Republic to perform, in relation to privately-owned land in the Sovereign Base Areas, the same functions relating to the issue of titles and the execution of transfers and ancillary services as are performed by the Land Registry of the Republic in regard to privately-owned land in the Republic.

(12) Civil Proceedings

Arrangements will be made to enable legal proceedings concerning civil rights and obligations in which all the parties are Cypriot take place m the Courts of the Republic, and for the enforcer within the Sovereign Base Areas of the judgements and orders of Courts in such proceedings.

(13) Criminal Proceedings

Arrangements will also be made to enable certain criminal proceedings in which both the complainant and accused are Cypriots to be tried by the Courts of the Republic.

(14) Prisons

Cypriots tried in the Courts of the Republic in pursuance of such arrangements will, if convicted and sentenced to imprisonment, serve their sentences in the Prisons of the Republic.

(15) Police

There will be co-operation between the Police and the Gendarmerie of the Republic and the Police of the Sovereign Base Areas for prevention and detection of crime and facilities will be given to the Police and Gendarmerie of the Republic for the investigation of offences triable by the Courts of the Republic.

(16) Assessment Tribunals

Where compulsory acquisition or requisition of private land is necessary for military purposes, the authorities of the Sovereign Base Areas will normally invite an assessor appointed by the Republic to assist the tribunal concerned in regard to compensation.

(17) District Officers

The District Officers of the Republic will be invited to perform such administrative duties in relation to Cypriots within the Sovereign Base Areas as may be agreed by the authorities of the Sovereign Base Areas and the Republic.

(18) Labour

Cypriot labour, staff and contractors will be employed in the Sovereign Base Areas in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty of Establishment.

(19) Commerce and Industry

The Republic will be invited to carry out in the Sovereign Base Areas the registration of companies and partnerships and such other administrative functions as may be agreed in the sphere of commerce, industry, transport and employment.

4. It is understood that-

(a) there will be no discrimination by the authorities of the Republic against those who live or work in the Sovereign Base Areas;

(b) expenses incurred in the exercise of any functions or services performed by the Republic in accordance with these arrangements will be borne by the Republic.

5. Her Majesty's Government are willing to co-operate with the Republic in the establishment as soon as possible of a Joint Consultative Board to advise the authorities of the Republic and those of the Sovereign Base Areas on such arrangements as may be necessary from time to time to give effect to the intentions of Her Majesty's Government set out in this Declaration. It is intended that this machinery of consultation and co-operation should apply to all aspects of this Declaration. It could also deal with questions of water supplies through the joint committee referred to in Annex B, Part II, Section 8 (3) of the Treaty concerning the Establishment of the Republic of Cyprus.

 

Schedule

(Paragraph 3, Clause (5) )

The following monuments and sites as delineated on the relative plans deposited with the Department of Lands and Surveys in Nicosia, the District Office of Limassol and the appropriate United Kingdom authorities in the Akrotiri Sovereign Base Area.

(1) The Site and remains of Curium.

(2) The Sanctuary of Apollo Hylates near Curium.

(3) The Stadium of Curium

(4) The ancient Cemetery at Ayios Ermoyenis near Curium.

(5) The Church and remains of the Monastery of St. Nicholas of the Cats.

 


 

Maps

Cyprus showing SBAs and retained sites.

sba map cyprus
Akrotiri 
Dhekelia
Akrotiri map dhekeliamap

Privacy and Cookies

Information on the privacy standards for the SBA Administation website

This privacy and cookie statement only covers theSovereign Base Area Administration website at http://www.sbaadministration.org.

When we provide services, we want to make them easy, useful and reliable. Where services are delivered on the internet, this sometimes involves placing small amounts of information on your device, eg, computer or mobile phone. These include small files known as cookies. They cannot be used to identify you personally.
These pieces of information are used to improve services for you through, for example:

  • enabling a service to recognise your device so you don't have to give the same information several times during one task
  • measuring how many people are using services, so they can be made easier to use and there's enough capacity to ensure they are fast
You can manage these small files yourself and learn more about them through Internet browser cookies - what they are and how to manage them

Our use of cookies

NameDescriptionExpiration
__utma This cookie is used to determine unique visitors to your site and it is updated with each page view. Additionally, this cookie is provided with a unique ID that SBAA Analytics uses to ensure both the validity and accessibility of the cookie as an extra security measure. 2 years from set/update.
__utmb This cookie is used to establish and continue a user session with your site. When a user views a page on your site, the SBAA Analytics code attempts to update this cookie. If it does not find the cookie, a new one is written and a new session is established. Each time a user visits a different page on your site. This cookie expires when a user pauses on a page on your site for longer than 30 minutes.. 30 minutes from set/update.
__utmc This cookie operates in conjunction with the __utmb cookie to determine whether or not to establish a new session for the user Not set.
__utmz This cookie stores the type of referral used by the visitor to reach your site, whether via a direct method, a referring link, a website search, or a campaign such as an ad or an email link. It is used to calculate search engine traffic, ad campaigns and page navigation within your own site. The cookie is updated with each page view to your site. 6 months from set/update.

Other websites linked from this site do not necessarily follow the same policies.

The Sovereign Base Area Administration will process personal information provided by you in accordance with the Data Protection Act 1998, for the purposes of processing enquiries, collection of statistical and associated data, and related matters.

Further information on your rights under the Data Protection Act 1998 can be found on the Information Commissioner's website.

 

Background

Geography
Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, situated some 40 miles south of Turkey, 60 miles west of the Syrian coast and 220 miles north of Egypt. It has a land area of 9,251 square kilometres and a total population of about 790,000. The island has been divided for some 40 years by a United Nations buffer zone known as the 'Green Line'. Her Majesty’s Government (HMG) recognises only the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, which administers the southern two-thirds of the island, but not the so-called ‘Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus’



The Sovereign Base Areas
The Sovereign Base Areas (SBAs) of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, usually referred to as Western Sovereign Base Area (WSBA) and Eastern Sovereign Base Area (ESBA), are those parts of the island which remained under British jurisdiction on the creation of an independent Republic of Cyprus in 1960. Under the 1960 Treaty of Establishment, HMG retained sovereignty over the SBAs, which cover 3% of the land area of Cyprus, a total of 98 square miles (47.5 at Akrotiri and 50.5 at Dhekelia). However, HMG does not own most of the land. About 60% is privately owned; some 20% is UK MOD-owned or leased land; with the remaining 20% being Crown land held by the Administration (including forests, roads, rivers and Akrotiri Salt Lake).
In addition to the Sovereign Bases themselves, the Treaty of Establishment also provides for the continued use by the British Government of certain facilities within the Republic of Cyprus, known as Retained Sites, and for the use of specified training areas in the Republic of Cyprus. Please click here to link to a map showing the location of the SBAs within Cyprus.

The boundaries of the SBAs were drawn in 1960 to include the major military installations and to exclude villages and towns. There are three Republican “enclaves” within the Dhekelia SBA – Ormidhia, Xylotymbou and Dhekelia power station. However, as a result of the events in 1974 and other developments over the years, about 10,000 Cypriots now live in the SBAs. In addition, approximately 3,800 military and UK-based civilian personnel and their dependants work or live on the Bases.
The SBAs are retained as military bases – not “colonial ” territories. This is the basic philosophy of their administration as set out by HMG in its 1960 Declaration on the Administration of the Areas, usually known as Appendix O. This stated that the main objectives to be achieved in the administration of the areas were to be:

  • Effective use of the SBAs as military bases;
  • Full co-operation with the Republic of Cyprus;
  • Protection of the interests of those resident or working in the SBAs.

The Secretary of State for Defence confirmed HMG’s continuing commitment to the Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus in a Statement to Parliament on 15 December 2011
Because the SBAs are primarily required as military bases, the Administrator reports to Secretary of State for Defence in London. It has no formal connection with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office or the British High Commission in Nicosia, although there are close informal links with both on policy matters.

 

Administration

The SBA Administration (SBAA)
The Administration is the civil government of the Sovereign Base Areas. The Headquarters of the SBAA is at Episkopi. Its range of interest is that of any civil government but, many of its functions, particularly in respect of the Cypriot inhabitants of the SBAs, are carried out by Republican officials on behalf of the Administration under delegated powers. The SBAA itself carries out those functions directly related to the exercise of sovereignty and the fulfillment of the UK’s commitments under the 1960 Declaration on the Administration of the Areas including – the enactment of legislation, maintenance of law and order and the control of immigration and development.



Administrator
The Administrator, who is also Commander British Forces Cyprus (BFC), has all the executive and legislative authority of the governor of a UK overseas territory.



Chief Officer
The Chief Officer is responsible to the Administrator for the day-to-day running of the civil government of the SBAs, and aslo provides political and policy advice on military activity in the SBAs.



Attorney General
The Attorney General and Legal Adviser is responsible for the drafting of SBA legislation, the prosecution of criminal cases in the SBA Court, and providing legal advice to the Administration.



Policy Secretary
The Policy Secretary provides policy and secretariat advice to the Administration.


Civil Secretary
The Civil Secretary provides civil secretariat advice and support to the administration in the areas of business management and project support, finance, locally engaged civilian HR services, commercial and claims handling.



Area Officer
There is an Area Office within in each of the SBAs, headed by a (Cypriot) Area Officer, to deal with the day-to-day business of the SBA. The Area Offices are the interface with the Cypriots who live and work in the SBAs.  The Area Officers also act as the main focal point for liaison with the Republic of Cyprus authorities.



Customs
A Customs Service, which covers immigration and taxation;



Courts
The Court enforces the laws of the Sovereign Base Areas. These comprise the laws of the Colony of Cyprus as at August 1960, as amended by Ordinances enacted subsequently. The Laws of the Sovereign Base Areas are kept as far as possible the same as the laws of the Republic of Cyprus.
The Court of the Sovereign Base Area deals  with non-military offences committed by any person within the SBAs, including offences committed by British service and civilian personnel and their dependants; and others resident, working in, or otherwise present in the SBAs.  There is a Resident Judge, who hears cases at the two SBA courts and Senior Judges who travel from the UK to hear more serious cases or appeals.



SBA Police
The SBA have their own Police Force who have primary jurisdiction over all criminal offences committed in the SBAs.  The Chief Constable is also responsible for the SBA Prison at Dhekelia.

Welcome to the official Soveregn Base Area Administration Web SIte

Geography

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, situated some 40 miles south of Turkey, 60 miles west of the Syrian coast and 220 miles north of Port Said in Egypt. It has a land area of 9,251 square kilometres and a total population of about 790,000. Cyprus is the only divided island in the Mediterranean. This division is a result of an attempted coup in 1974 and the occupation of the northern part of the island by Turkey that followed. The island has been divided for 30 years by a United Nations buffer zone known as the 'Green Line'. Her Majesty’s Government (HMG) recognises only the Government of the Republic of Cyprus, which administers the southern two-thirds of the island, but not the so-called ‘Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus’ (recognised as such only by Turkey).

The Sovereign Base Areas The Sovereign Base

The Sovereign Base Areas (SBAs) of Akrotiri and Dhekelia, usually referred to as Western Sovereign Base Area (WSBA) and Eastern Sovereign Base Area (ESBA), are those parts of the island which have remained under British jurisdiction since the creation of an independent Republic of Cyprus in 1960. Under the 1960 Treaty of Establishment, HMG retained sovereignty over the SBAs, which cover 3% of the land area of Cyprus, a total of 98 square miles (47.5 at Akrotiri and 50.5 at Dhekelia). However, HMG does not own most of the land. About 60% is privately owned and intensively farmed. Only 20% is MOD-owned land, with the remaining 20% being SBA Crown land (including forests, roads, rivers and Akrotiri Salt Lake (7%)).

In addition to the Sovereign Bases themselves, the Treaty of Establishment also provides for the continued use by the British Government of certain facilities within the Republic of Cyprus, known as Retained Sites, and for the use of specified training areas in the Republic of Cyprus. Please click here to link to a map showing the location of the SBAs within Cyprus. More detailed maps of the two SBAs can be found by clicking on the highlighted areas.

The boundaries of the SBAs were drawn to include the major military installations on the ground and to exclude villages and towns. There are three Republican “enclaves” within the Dhekelia SBA – Ormidhia, Xylotymbou and Dhekelia power station. However, as a result of the coup of 1974 and other developments over the years, about 7,000 Cypriots now live in the SBAs. In addition, approximately 7,800 military and UK-based civilian personnel and their dependants work or live on the Bases.

The SBAs are retained as military bases – not “colonial ” territories. This is the basic philosophy of their administration as stated by HMG in 1960 in the policy declaration usually known as ' Declaration made by Her Majesty’s Governmenty' . This stated that the policy objectives for the administration of the areas were to be:

a. Effective use of the SBAs as military bases;

b. Full co-operation with the Republic of Cyprus;

c. Protection of the interests of those resident or working in the SBAs.

Under the Treaty of Establishment, the Bases remain Sovereign British Territory under the Crown until “the Government of the United Kingdom, in view of changes in their military requirements, at any time decide to divest themselves of the sovereignty or effective control over the SBAs or any part thereof”. There are no plans to withdraw from the SBAs as the military requirement still exists. The Sovereign Base Areas enable Britain to maintain a permanent military presence at a strategically situated point in the Eastern Mediterranean. RAF Akrotiri is also an important staging post for military aircraft and the communications facilities are a vital part of our world-wide links. The SBAs also provide excellent training facilities with reliable weather conditions and demanding terrain.

Because the SBAs are primarily required as military bases and not ordinary dependent territories, the Administration reports to the Ministry of Defence in London. It has no formal connection with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office or the British High Commission in Nicosia, although there are close informal links with both offices on policy matter

 Cost and Staff

The SBAA budget is about £10m per year. Approximately 80% covers salaries and the remainder covers works services (mostly roads) and miscellaneous civil government expenditure. The military authorities supply goods and services to assist the SBAA in performing it's tasks.
The SBA Administration employs over 300 staff, over 75% of which are Police and Customs Officers. 90% of the staff are local employed Cypriots from both Greek and Turkish communities.

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